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The External Affairs Minister, S. Jaishankar on November 14, 2020, took part in the 15th East Asia Summit. The United Nations (UN) is a global organisation tasked with maintaining international peace and security while fostering friendly relations among nations. Data and knowledge. It is the largest, most recognized and most powerful intergovernmental organisation in the world. Daily Current Affairs : 3rd & 4th July 2020 - IAS SQUAD Eleventh session held at United Nations Headquarters in New York, 8 March to 30 April 1982 (General Assembly resolution 36/79 of 9 December 1981);-Resumed eleventh session held at United Nations Headquarters in New York, 22 to 24 September 1982 (Decision taken at the 182nd meeting of the plenary Conference on 30 April 1982, A/CONF.62/SR.182). Made up of 167 Member States, and the European Union, the International Seabed Authority is mandated under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea to organize, regulate and control all mineral-related activities in the international seabed area for the benefit of mankind as a whole. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) - UPSC Notes Context : Russia brokered a new peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the two countries that have been in a military conflict for over six weeks over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus.. Concept :. 15th East Asia Summit. ITLOS is a multi-governmental establishment formed by the mandate of the 3rd UN Conference on the Law of the Sea. According to the Green Book of the Tibetan government-in-exile, over 1 lakh Tibetans are settled across India. Contact. AY.4.2 is a descendant of the Delta variant of COVID-19. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) terms are important from International Relation perspectives in the UPSC exam. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) agreement came into effect on 16 November 1994. Bulbul - The Hindu Important Articles for UPSC. The leaders of the ASEAN have said that UNCLOS 1982 should be the basis of sovereign rights and entitlements in the South China Sea. UPSC Preliminary Test, UPSC Main Examination and Personality Test. (2) Treaty: A treaty is an agreement where the parties to it negotiate to reach common ground . Established : 1994 Headquarter : Kingston, Jamaica The International Seabed Authority is an autonomous international organization established under the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and the 1994 Agreement relating to the Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.The Authority, which has its headquarters in Kingston, Jamaica, came into . The institute has . Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) 1997-2017 - Twentieth anniversary of the establishment of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October . Daily Current Affairs are very important for the preparation of the government exams like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, RRB NTPC, SBI PO, UPSC, State PSC, Defence exams. General Assembly resolution 73/210 of 20 december . Chapter Two: Jurisdiction 48-374 I.The Tribunal had no jurisdiction over the Philippines' submissions which reflect a territorial and maritime . She said the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) can indeed be the pathway to an ocean of opportunity for them. The UNCLOS international agreement . June 16, 2021. The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes (in 1954 and again in 1981). Speaking at the East Asia Summit (EAS), Modi recalled India's support of $1 million to ASEAN Covid-19 Recovery Fund. On October 28, 2021, Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi co-chaired the virtual 18th India-ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Summit 2021 at the invitation of Sultan of Brunei, Hassanal Bolkiah (the current Chair of ASEAN).Leaders of ASEAN Member States have participated in the summit. Originally the purpose of Article 34, para 1 was to exclude individuals from bringing claims against States before the Permanent Court of Justice. delay in appointment of appellate bodies. These linkages provided in this 'hint' format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise (or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. ISA which has its headquarters in Kingston, Jamaica, came into existence on 16 November 1994, upon the entry into force of UNCLOS. English. Subject : International Relations. The Southern Ocean As The World's Fifth Ocean: Policy For Declassification Of War History: Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967: Jal Shakti Abhiyan - II . Seizure of a pirate ship or . Created On: Nov 17, 2020 17:45 IST. Italy provoked Article 97 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). (2) Treaty: A treaty is an agreement where the parties to it negotiate to reach common ground . . Paragraphs. Unlocking war histories UPSC 2021|GS1 HISTORY| News info: The announcement by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on archiving, declassifying, and compiling of war histories may be a long-overdue initiative that signals that the Ministry of Defence (MoD) is eventually willing to shed its shroud of confidentiality over happenings long gone. In this article, you can read all about EEZs, which is a part of both the economy and the geography segments of the UPSC syllabus. Indian Forest Act, 1927. Date of adoption: 20 December 2018 Open for signature: 7 August 2019 in Singapore and, thereafter, at the United Nations headquarters in New York. As of May 2020, ISA has 168 members. The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, provide the mandate to UNHCR. As per the new peace deal, both sides will now maintain positions in the areas that they currently hold, which will mean a . The treaty itself may not be completed for many years. encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification". Context India is strenuously lobbying for the seats in United Nations Security Council and the Nuclear Suppliers Group but for the first time in two decades India may not have a member in a prestigious, U.N. scientific body that decides what portions of the seabed can be exclusively mined for natural resources such as oil, precious metals and minerals. On the final day of the UN Ocean Conference, UN Member States continued with the general debate, held a final partnership dialogue and heard reports on the other partnership dialogues, and adopted the conference report and the Call for Action as agreed during intergovernmental consultations. What are the UNCLOS maritime zones?. FRANÇAIS. . The difference between a protocol, treaty, and convention is: (1) Protocol: A protocol is an agreement that diplomatic negotiators formulate and sign as the basis for a final convention or treaty. The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October . The Directorate of Enforcement was . InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. A bbreviations 215. The Headquarters of ISA is situated in Jamaica. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators . G lossary of G eographic N ames 216. . UNCLOS Why in news? Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.Founded in 1919, it was formed through the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles and was initially an agency of the League of Nations. Introduction 1-7. Britishers enacted such acts in 1865 and 1876 also, purpose was to monopolize (total control) forest resources <esp. South China Sea dispute - The South China Sea is a busy international waterway, one of the main arteries of global trade worth more than $5 trillion and is growing year on year. Key Details: The move is aimed at providing relief to farmers from surge in global prices of commodities as the Kharif sowing season begins. . The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international agreement that was signed on 10th December 1982.. UNCLOS also is known as the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea Treaty defines the rights and responsibilities of the nation towards the use of the world's oceans. Daily Current Affairs for Government Exams: Today Current Affairs: 13th November 2020 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc Contents: Contempt of the court .Atmanirbhar Bharat 3.0: 17th ASEAN-India Summit: .Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report: Sino-British Joint Declaration". It has obtained its observer status in the United Nations. Safety and Protection in Indian Waters. The United States, one of the few major powers not to ratify UNCLOS, has ironically become the de facto guardian of the UNCLOS regime as it regards freedom of navigation and overflight. Answer (1 of 55): First of all we need to dispel a deep-seated misconception : China does not claim "Almost/Virtually/Nearly all" or the "ENTIRE" South China Seas. Standing (L to R) Mr. Sandhu, Mr.Jain, Mr. Pillai, Mr. Malhotra and Mr. Sastri. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Sea Convention or the Law of the Sea Treaty, is an international agreement that establishes a legal framework for all marine and maritime activities. The same is happening for other multilateral institutions as well E.g. As of June 2016, 167 countries and the European Union are parties.. Established by the UNCLOS, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body that adjudicates disputes arising out of the convention. United Nations: UPSC Notes. It is dubbed "Delta Plus" and now named VUI-21OCT-01 by the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA)). ; Largely conforming to global practices, the policy has the . The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic indigenous communities and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic.. timber> for their own exploitation (benefit) and depriving (Deny) forest dwellers of their rights. Part of: Prelims and GS II - Health. The authority organizes, regulates and controls mineral related activities in the international seabed area. encouraging the progressive development of international law and its codification".

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